Tanzania national Parks

Tanzania National Parks – Combine the Best Experiences

Tanzania national parks can broadly be divided into North, South and West amongst which are the most famous safari destinations but also a few hidden gems.

19 Tanzania national parks and nature reserves in Tanzania cover about 37% of the country. These 155,000 square miles of protected areas are home to an incredible 310 mammal species, including the Big Five and over 910 different types of birds.

Which national parks are in Southern Tanzania National Parks?

There are six national parks and game reserves in Southern Tanzania:

Ruaha

Selous

Mikumi

Kitulo

Katavi

Udzungwa

The Southern national parks boast some of the most exclusive safari tours and diverse ecosystems in Tanzania. 

Ruaha National Park

Located in central Tanzania, Ruaha  is the second largest national park in East Africa. Home to 10% of the world’s lion population and Tanzania’s largest elephant population, Ruaha is also one of the best places to see wild dogs and rare striped hyenas.  

Size: 7,807sq miles / 20,220km²

Notes: Fewer tourists come here, but accommodation is limited and expensive.

Ruaha National Park FAQs

Why is Ruaha National Park so famous? 

Ruaha National Park is famous for two important reasons: it’s the biggest wildlife conservation area in East Africa, and it boasts scores of unique wildlife species and ecosystems.  

The park’s unparalleled predator sightings recently put Ruaha into the spotlight. The Big Cats of Ruaha documentary by National Geographic aired a saga of three lion families sharing hunting grounds in an idyllic oasis along the Mwagusi River known as ‘the Glade’.

Established in 1964, Ruaha is one of the newer reserves in East Africa situated in an area of the world known for its endless horizons, sprawling plains and all-encompassing wildlife arenas. Ruaha is neighboured on the south by the largest national park in Africa, Selous Game Reserve.

Ruaha has within the last few years earned the right to call itself the largest protected area in all of Tanzania. Having recently incorporated the Usanga Game Reserve into its borders in 2008 and several other wetland areas, Ruaha now spans an area covering an enormous 20,226 square kilometres.

Although the biggest, Ruaha is by no means the most frequented area of Tanzania and it attracts a relatively smaller number of tourists. In doing so, the Park has maintained a glorious aura of mystery and intrigue about it as one of the untouched lands of Africa.

How much does a safari to Ruaha National Park cost? 

A safari to Ruaha National Park costs anywhere from $150 per person to $1750 per person. This is for safari expenses like flights, park entrance fees, accommodation, meals, and additional activities like game drives and hot air balloon rides.  

Trips to Ruaha National Park tend to be pricier due to its location in the heart of Safari Country in Southern Tanzania. Its remoteness also means less foot traffic from other tourists in the area, which makes for a more exclusive safari experience. 

When is the best time to visit Ruaha National Park? 

The best times to visit Ruaha National Park are split into two seasons – the dry season (June-October) is great for safaris while the wet season (November-April) is great for bird-watching. 

The best time for safaris 

Safaris are most prolific in the dry season due to the animals congregating at river edges and watering holes. Although more popular for tourists, the park is remote enough that even in the height of the optimal game-viewing season it remains wonderfully peaceful and unspoiled by diesel engines.

Another benefit of the dry season is fewer mosquitoes and a reduced chance of catching malaria. 

Yellow-collared lovebird

The best time for bird watching

Those visiting the park this season have the chance to witness jaw-dropping vistas encompassing crisp, exuberant grasslands. Bird enthusiasts will be treated with the opportunity to see abundant flocks of both resident and migratory birds, including the Yellow-collared lovebird and ashy starlings.

Red-billed hornbill

More recently, tourists have discovered the Tanzanian red-billed hornbill residing in Ruaha as well.  

The rainy season sees many of the lodges closing their doors from March-May. For budget hunters, however, the lodges still open for business in this period offer significantly reduced rates. 

Being close to the equator, the temperature fluctuates little throughout the year. In recent years the weather has become more temperamental due to climate change and can’t be as easily predicted as before. 

Below is a complete breakdown of the dry and wet seasons to help you optimise your ultimate safari experience at Ruaha National Park: 

Dry season (June-October)

The dry season is generally cooler, with temperatures around 27°C (81°F) in the day and 15°C (59°F) at night.

For these dryer and colder days at Ruaha National Park, I recommend you pack some warm and comfortable clothes to wear on a safari. 

Wet season (November-April)

The wet season generally has more hot and humid conditions, with temperatures mostly around 28°C (82°F) in the day and 17°C (63°F) at night. It rarely rains the whole day and afternoon showers are usually expected. 

The temperature peaks at the start of the rainy season during November and December and can reach a high of 38°C (100°F). 

Also see more info on the best time of year to visit Tanzania. 

What is the best way to get to Ruaha National Park? 

The best way to get to Ruaha National Park is to take a direct flight from Dar Es Salaam to the park’s airstrip. Coastal Aviation and Safari Airlink are the airlines to contact that offer daily flights.

There are also flights that can be booked as part of a larger northern or southern safari package. 

One of the reasons for Ruaha’s exclusivity is its significant distance from any major civilization. The nearest major town of Iringa is a 130km drive west of Ruaha National Park with over 500km separating the reserve from Tanzania’s largest city, Dar Es Salaam. The drive from Dar Es Salaam will take about 10 hours and can be quite rough. If you choose to drive to Ruaha,  we recommended a halfway overnight stop and a combined visit to multiple southern Tanzania national parks with Mikumi National Park. 

What wildlife can I see in Ruaha National Park?

There is so much wildlife to be seen in Ruaha National Park. If you have a favourite wild animal, you’ll most likely find it living in this wildlife sanctuary. 

The Ecosystems of Ruaha

While the Glade has become one of the iconic images of Ruaha, the park is so vast that within it lie several vastly different biomes all tainted differently by the seasons. From mountainous regions and skeletal baobab groves to the vast, open expanses of the plains, Ruaha will leave visitors awestruck at its varied and dramatic scenery. 

Although most associated with the sight of hundreds of wildebeests and buffalo kicking up dust on the plains, Ruaha is transformed in the rainy season. Rusty red baobabs morph into intense green canopies bustling with life. Dry, arid plains turn into lush, green fields beckoning migrant birds from as far afield as Europe, Asia, Australia and Madagascar.

Huge Elephant Population

On the opposite end of the scale to the birds that flit through the vegetation are the parades of elephants that look to the greenery for sustenance. The Ruaha ecosystem is one of the last few real wilderness refuges for large mammals on the planet and is home to the largest elephant population in East Africa.

Despite heavy poaching, the elephants in the park thrive and over 12,000 migrate through the greater Ruaha area each year. In scenes that are normally reserved for television, guests at the park have the chance to witness elephants digging for freshwater with their trunks and tusks along the desolate riverbanks during the dry season, a behaviour that has been copied by some of the park’s lions.

Predators

Founded in 2009, the Ruaha Carnivore Project is a much-commended programme dedicated to protecting the park’s bountiful population of large carnivores. Ruaha has a proud reputation as a conservation unit with roughly 10% of the world’s lion population residing in the greater Ruaha landscape. Prides of over 20 lions are regularly spotted, making the lions the undisputed kings of the park. 

The Ruaha National Park is also home to the third-largest remaining group of critically endangered African wild dogs, with around 100 reported in the area.

One of the four remaining cheetah populations in East Africa also calls Ruaha home as well as a host of hyenas, jackals and leopards.

Other Animal Sightings

While the big predators are a major drawcard for visitors, the Ruaha region also boasts a vast and varied array of antelope. Both the lesser and greater kudu can be found here as well as some of the more unusual and lesser spotted species such as Roan and sable.

Over 500 different species of birds also call the reserve home. Although the rains scatter the herds and larger predators, the birds revel in the verdant foliage and blooming wildflowers of the park in the wet season.