kilimanjaro local guides

Tanzania national Parks

Tanzania National Parks – Combine the Best Experiences

Tanzania national parks can broadly be divided into North, South and West amongst which are the most famous safari destinations but also a few hidden gems.

19 Tanzania national parks and nature reserves in Tanzania cover about 37% of the country. These 155,000 square miles of protected areas are home to an incredible 310 mammal species, including the Big Five and over 910 different types of birds.

Lake Manyara National Park

Most of Lake Manyara National Park is covered by water. Just 126 km (78 miles) outside Arusha, it is perfect for a few hours visit to see the hot springs and take a canopy walk. Tree climbing lions are a huge drawcard as well as relaxed elephants and thousands of baboons in the groundwater forests. Roads can become flooded between April-May.

Size: 250 sq miles/ 648km²

Notes: It is best to visit early in the morning as crowds arrive in the afternoon.

Lake Manyara FAQs

When is the best time to visit Lake Manyara?

The best time to visit Lake Manyara National Park is during the summer months (November-April). You’ll be able to view migratory birds like flamingos and migrating animals like wildebeest and zebra grazing down by the lake. Keep in mind that summers in Lake Manyara are very rainy with some cool nights. So, prepare a Tanzania safari packing list, pack appropriate safari clothes and an umbrella, and time your visit carefully.

Roads can become flooded over the wet season so it’s best to visit between the rains or explore the lake on a canoe.

Below is a complete breakdown of the seasons in Lake Manyara so you can choose the best time to go: 

Seasonal Climate

Temperatures around Lake Manyara are moderate all year round. Days are warm and mild but nights get chilly as cool air settles in the crater-depression of the lake. You should pack a warm jacket and long trousers, even for summer.

Driest months: July-September

Wettest months: November-April

Warmest months: January-March (30⁰C/86⁰F)

Coldest months: June to July (25⁰C/ 77⁰F)

Please Note: If you are planning to visit in the wet season, be aware that roads can become inaccessible and there are a lot of Tsetse flies around this time of year. April is an especially wet month with an average of 19 rainy days.

Best Time to See Flamingos and other Birds

Summer in Tanzania, November-April, is the best time to see migratory birds, including thousands of pink flamingos and pelicans. Migrants start to arrive in November during the wet season and stay around until April. Generally, flamingos can be found at the shallow edges of the lake. How far away they are from the road depends on the water levels of each particular year.

Best Time to See Wildlife

Animal sightings are consistent year-round, but peak in the dry season (June to October) when the lake retracts and there is more grazing. At this time the northern end of the park becomes very crowded. The best time to see migrating wildebeests and zebras is between March and April.

How much does it cost to visit Lake Manyara? 

It costs about $50 for the entrance fee to visit Lake Manyara National Park. This is because it’s a relatively small park measuring 325 km² (about 125 sq mi), so most tourists only spend one day at Lake Manyara then visit other bigger parks in the area like Serengeti and Tarangire on a combined safari tour. 

On average, you can expect to spend anywhere from $200-$1000 per person per day on budget safaris to $2000-$5000 per person per day on luxury safaris in Tanzania. Safari costs take important expenses into account like transportation (flights, cars and boats), accommodation (camps or lodges), meals and activities (game drives, bird-watching, canoe safaris etc). 

What should I know about Lake Manyara?

There are a few things you should know about Lake Manyara before planning a visit.

Lake Manyara (pronounced Man-yah-rah) is 30 miles (50km) long and 10 miles (16km) wide, making it the seventh-largest lake in Tanzania. This massive body of water is filled with salt deposits and it is often called a soda-ash lake.

The lake extends well beyond the park boundaries into the Lake Manyara Biosphere Reserve. The biosphere reserve is an area that not only protects animals and their habitats but also includes a population of some 250,000 people, coffee and banana plantations into one giant human-nature ecosystem.

The lake is fed by underground springs and streams running down from the surrounding Ngorongoro Highlands. Its waters are shallow enough that animals like buffalo and elephants can usually wade right across for most of the year. 

In addition, Lake Manyara National Park forms part of an animal migration corridor that allows large herds of elephants, wildebeests, zebras and buffalos to pass through the area in the dry season to Tarangire National Park where there is a year-round freshwater source.

Lake Manyara National Park is 125 square miles (325km²) in size but two-thirds of this area is covered by water leaving only 36 square miles  (93km²) of land for vehicle routes. 

When compared to the Serengeti and Tarangire National Park, animal sightings are not as good and the park doesn’t have the typical African-safari feel as most habitats are forests and flood plains instead of wide-open savannahs and grasslands. This aside, Lake Manyara National Park offers a spectacular landscape with a huge diversity of habitats that is well worth taking at least a few hours to explore on-route to the bigger parks.

How do you get to Lake Manyara? 

The best way to get to Lake Manyara (if you’re not a migratory bird) is by plane and car, or by plane and boat if the roads are badly flooded and inaccessible during the rainy months (November-April). 

Generally, visitors fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA). From there, Lake Manyara National Park is 78 miles (126km) or 1.5 hours drive from Arusha. The park is on route to the popular Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tarangire and Serengeti parks. Alternatively, you can get a 30-minute flight from Arusha to Lake Manyara Airstrip.

What animals will I find at Lake Manyara?

You will find a diverse range of animals and habitats at Lake Manyara. 

The park boasts 11 different ecosystems and one of the worlds highest densities of large mammals. Groundwater-fed forests of acacias thrive beneath the rocky escarpment of the Great Rift Valley and the alkaline lake creates a smorgasbord of marshland, seasonal grasslands and saltpans. 

Lake Ecosystems

The waters of Lake Manyara shrink and swell depending on rainfall. Waters retract in the dry season and expand the areas of marshland, saline flats and edible grasses. 

Flamingoes and other bird species

During the November-April season, around 2 million greater and lesser flamingos descend on the lake to breed. These elegant birds get their pink colour from the brine-shrimp and algae that filter out the water. 

Besides the flamingos, 350 of the 390 resident and migrant bird species of Manyara National Park have been recorded on the lake. The park is a breeding area for thousands of Pink-backed pelicans, yellow-billed storks and, in smaller numbers, marabou storks and grey herons.

Floodplains around the lake are home to a diversity of waterfowl including lots of egrets, spoonbills, Abdim’s Storks, Water thick-knees and other waders. 

Hippo Pond

Just 10 minutes away from the main entrance to the park and a little inland of the lake’s northern shores is a pool where hundreds of hippos can be seen floating, fighting, snorting and interacting. Visitors are able to get out of their vehicles at a designated place and watch them from a safe distance. After mosquitos, hippos are Africa’s most dangerous animals, after all.

Water-Loving Animals

Some animal species are specially adapted to live in the wet environments surrounding a lake. This includes Cape clawless otters that eat mostly crabs, fish and frogs and Egyptian mongooses that will also eat fruit, insects and eggs, which they throw onto a hard surface to smash open.   

Seasonal Migrants

In the dry season, the waters of the lake retract into grassy floodplains. Large migrating herds of wildebeest, zebra and Thompson’s and Grant’s gazelle enter the park for short periods during their migration. Only small resident populations of these species remain in the park through the wet season.

Resident Species

Resident animals including wetland loving waterbuck, Cape buffalo, bushbuck, impala and warthog are common year-round. Predatory species such as spotted hyena, lion, leopard, cheetah, African wild cat, black-backed jackal, bat-eared fox and African golden cat are occasionally sighted in the grasslands.

Rocky Escarpment

The western side of Lake Manyara National Park is flanked by the sharply rising wall of the Great Rift Valley. Baobab trees grow on the slopes of this rocky escarpment which is also home to the tiny Kirk’s dik-dik and klipspringer, a specialised rock-jumping antelope that effortlessly navigates these rocky slopes. 

Groundwater Forests

Runoff from perennial springs and streams create an evergreen forest growing along the base of the slopes. Near the gate, in the north of the park, you will find a patch of ancient fig and mahogany trees which becomes mostly acacia woodland as you move into the park. 

Tree tops

The evergreen canopy is home to Sykes monkeys, hornbills, and  Short-eared galago that jump between the branches at night.

Tall trees provide roost sites and perches for some of the over 30 different birds of prey found in the park. Species include;  palm-nut vultures, African hawk eagles, crowned eagles and Ayre’s hawk eagles. 

Tree-Climbing Lions

Lake Manyara has one of only two tree-climbing lion populations in the world. Even scientists cannot agree as to why exactly these cats climb. Some people suggest it is to escape biting Tsetse flies or to get a better vantage point to scout for prey.

Forest Floors

Acacia leaves are the main food source for Lake Manyara’s large population of elephants and Masai giraffe which, as Africa’s largest giraffe species, is the tallest animal on earth. Lake Manyara is home to the world’s biggest population of baboons and you are unlikely to miss seeing hundreds of them foraging between the trees completely oblivious to the presence of humans.

There are 180 recorded species of butterflies in Lake Manyara National Park. Most emerge in a kaleidoscope of thousands shortly after the rainy season around April-June. 

What activities can I do at Lake Manyara? 

There are lots of activities you can do at Lake Manyara. Safaris in this region are a little different because of its proximity to the water, but that’s what makes a trip to this Tanzanian national treasure extra special.

Safari Drive

You can drive but it is advisable to go with an experienced driver as roads are sometimes muddy or flooded. The parkland area is small with most routes navigating through the forest. The entire road network of Lake Manyara National Park can be covered in 3-4 hours. Gates close to the public at sunset. 

Night Drives

Lake Manyara is the only national park in Tanzania that allows night drives. This is, however, only available as a guided activity. Night drives are good for spotting short-eared galagos, porcupines, genets and other animals that are active after dark, including cats on the hunt.

Canoe Safaris

A unique way to see wildlife and birds is from the water. Guided canoe safaris are available when water levels are high enough. An experienced guide will take you out on stable boats for a scenic paddle around parts of the lake to look for birds and animals at the water’s edge.

Hot Springs

In the park, visitors can explore the natural hot-springs from a 300m raised boardwalk on the lake’s western banks. Water temperatures of the park’s hot springs can reach a near-boiling 60⁰C (140⁰F). If you are looking to bathe and snorkel in naturally warm waters, there are tours to the nearby Chemka hot springs close to the town of Moshi. Tours cost between $70-$150 per person depending on group size.

If safaris and the hot springs aren’t for you, not to worry. There are lots of other fun activities outside Lake Manyara that are sure to make your trip memorable. 

Here are some of my favourites: 


•Cycling Tours

•Village Tours


Shorter nature walks through the forests as well as longer guided hikes along the ridge of the Great Rift Valley are popular in the Lake Manyara area. These tours are usually 1-1.5 hours with a knowledgeable local Masai guide who will also teach you a bit about indigenous plants and their traditional uses. 

Cycling Tours 

Ride a bike on fairly easy terrain through local villages and enjoy views of Lake Manyara as well as banana and coffee plantations. Cycle trips are 2-3 hours long and suitable for most ages and fitness levels.

Village Tours 

The town of Mto Wa Mbu, located close to the entrance of Lake Manyara National Park, is a community bustling with residents from different tribes and cultures. Cultural tours of the village provide an opportunity to experience daily life in an African village. Interact with artists and farmers and taste some of the local specialty – banana beer.

Lake Manyara Treetop Walkway:

Experience nature like never before!

Manyara Treetop Walkway takes you on a sky-high adventure through the beautiful forest of Lake Manyara. Walk among the treetops and experience untouched nature and wildlife from a unique perspective.

Treetop Walkway

This 370m airwalk starts with a short board-walk that gradually rises from ground level up through the canopy of the forest. You walk over a series of suspension bridges with thick netting on the sides, and reach a height of 18m off the ground. Each of the bridges end on a viewing deck situated around tree trunks. These treetop platforms are perfect places to stop and enjoy life in the canopy amongst butterflies, monkeys and birds.

Birds-eye view of the forest

During this walk guides will point out interesting facts about the Lake Manyara flora and fauna, while you can enjoy a unique birds-eye view of the world around you. This is Tanzania’s first Treetop Walkway and one of the longest in Africa. A great outdoor activity for nature lovers and adventure seekers. Families, couples, individuals and groups are all welcome. 

Get ready for an experience you will never forget! 


Who should visit: Nature lovers who enjoys soft adventure activities including families, couples, individuals, groups, children above 6 years are all welcome.
Who should not visit: Those who are afraid of heights.
What to bring: Closed-toe, secure, covered shoes.
Duration: 1 – 1.5 hours.
Rate: $60 per person.
Location: Five minute drive into the park from the main entrance gate of Lake Manyara.


The Treetop Walkway can be added to any safari including Lake Manyara National Park, and takes approximately one hour to complete (with a few stops for snapping photos or being amazed by the view).

It can be done at any time of the day during park operating hours.